Around half of all children with cerebral palsy also have epilepsy. Both cerebral palsy and epilepsy are neurological disorders that often coincide with one another.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders, epilepsy encompasses a “spectrum of brain disorders” in which the pattern of normal neuronal activity is disrupted. When the neuronal activity is disturbed, convulsions and muscles spasms result (known as seizures). During these episodes, some children will experience loss of consciousness. As the fourth most common neurological disorder in the world, epilepsy can affect anyone at any age. Around of every 100,000 people develop epilepsy each year.
There are a number of different types of seizures, and people will epilepsy experience one or several of the various different types. It’s important to note that there is a difference in epilepsy and seizures. Someone who has a one seizure only generally does not have epilepsy. Epilepsy is marked by recurrent seizures. If someone has at least two or more seizures, they’re considered epileptic.
For more information on seizures, including different types and subtypes, read the article from Cerebral Palsy Guidance: Cerebral Palsy and Seizures.
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